Olive harvest season is below manner throughout the occupied Palestinian territories.
About 80,000 to 100,000 Palestinian households depend on the olive harvest, which takes place yearly between October and November, for his or her earnings – together with greater than 15 p.c of working girls.
In response to the Palestine Commerce Middle, or PalTrade, the olive sector is price between $160m and $191m in good years.
Historically a festive season, this 12 months’s harvest is as soon as once more overshadowed by tight Israeli restrictions, settler assaults and a weaker yield as a result of harsh weather conditions.
The olive and olive oil trade
Olive timber have been cultivated throughout Palestine for hundreds of years and have change into an emblem of Palestinian resilience towards Israeli occupation.
Virtually half of all cultivated land throughout the occupied West Financial institution and Gaza is planted with an estimated 10 million olive timber (PDF). The small inexperienced or black stone fruits are primarily used to provide olive oil, which is rarely lacking from a Palestinian dinner desk, in addition to desk olives, pickles and cleaning soap.
The Palestinian metropolis of Nablus has lengthy been famend for the manufacturing of olive oil cleaning soap which is wealthy in antioxidants and mild on the pores and skin.
In 2019, about 177,000 tonnes of olives have been pressed, producing 39,600 tonnes of olive oil – roughly 30,000 litres (7,925 gallons) based on the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
The governorates of Jenin, Tubas and Northern Valleys produced the very best amount of olive oil at 10,442 tonnes, adopted by Tulkarm (6,031 tonnes) and Gaza (5,582 tonnes).
Olive harvesting below occupation
A research revealed in 2012 by The Utilized Analysis Institute Jerusalem (ARIJ) estimated that since 1967, Israeli authorities have uprooted 800,000 Palestinian olive timber within the West Financial institution.
Prior to now 12 months alone, greater than 9,300 timber have been destroyed within the West Financial institution, based on the Worldwide Committee of the Crimson Cross (ICRC).
Apart from the bodily destruction of those olive timber, many Palestinian farmers within the West Financial institution require Israeli permits to entry their land in restricted areas close to unlawful Israeli settlements.
Israeli settlements are Jewish communities constructed illegally on Palestinian land. Right this moment, between 600,000 and 750,000 Israeli settlers reside in at the very least 250 unlawful settlements within the occupied West Financial institution and East Jerusalem.
Palestinian farmers are forbidden from accessing a lot of their land in areas near settlements, apart from a couple of days a 12 months. In response to human rights group HaMoked, allow approval charges have been declining through the years. In 2020, solely 24 p.c of land entry permits have been authorised.
Israeli settler assaults
Through the 2020 olive harvest season, OCHA documented at the very least 26 Palestinians injured and greater than 1,700 timber vandalised.
As of October 4, 2021, the UN group for humanitarian affairs recorded at the very least 365 settler assaults towards Palestinians. This week, a 10-day marketing campaign to assist and defend farmers was launched in areas thought-about to be at excessive danger of Israeli settler assaults.
The marketing campaign, organised by the Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC), will cowl 12 villages, primarily throughout southern Nablus, but in addition within the Ramallah and Bethlehem areas.
Muayyad Bsharat, head of advocacy on the UAWC, informed Al Jazeera the primary purpose of the marketing campaign is to “strengthen management over our pure sources, by getting Palestinian farmers to their lands in Space C [under full Israeli control], and to different areas below risk by the Israeli occupation”.